Umar on Judgment: The commander of the faithful judges with the truth in favor of the Jew

Sa’eed ibn Al-Musayyib reported: Umar ibn Al-Khattab, may Allah be pleased with him, was presented with a dispute between a Muslim and a Jew. Umar believed that the truth was on the side of the Jew, so he passed judgment in his favor. The Jew said to him, “By Allah, you have judged with the truth.” Umar rapped him with his whip and he said, “How do you know it?” The Jew said, “Verily, we find written in the Torah that none judges with the truth except that there is an angel on his right and an angel on his left to keep him steady and guided to the truth. If he abandons the truth, then they will ascend and abandon him.”
Source: Muwatta 1425, Grade: Sahih (authentic) according to Al-Albani
Ibn Abdul Barr said, “In this tradition is the legal understanding that judgment between a Muslim, an unbeliever, and a protected citizen is the same as judgment between Muslims.”
Source: Kitab Al-Istidhkar 31621
عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ الْمُسَيَّبِ أَنَّ عُمَرَ بْنَ الْخَطَّابِ اخْتَصَمَ إِلَيْهِ مُسْلِمٌ وَيَهُودِيٌّ فَرَأَى عُمَرُ أَنَّ الْحَقَّ لِلْيَهُودِيِّ فَقَضَى لَهُ فَقَالَ لَهُ الْيَهُودِيُّ وَاللَّهِ لَقَدْ قَضَيْتَ بِالْحَقِّ فَضَرَبَهُ عُمَرُ بْنُ الْخَطَّابِ بِالدِّرَّةِ ثُمَّ قَالَ وَمَا يُدْرِيكَ فَقَالَ لَهُ الْيَهُودِيُّ وَاَللَّهِ إنَّا نَجِدُ فِي التَّوْرَاةِ لَيْسَ قَاضٍ يَقْضِي بِالْحَقِّ إِلَّا كَانَ عَنْ يَمِينِهِ مَلَكٌ وَعَنْ شِمَالِهِ مَلَكٌ يُسَدِّدَانِهِ وَيُوَفِّقَانِهِ لِلْحَقِّ مَا دَامَ مَعَ الْحَقِّ فَإِذَا تَرَكَ الْحَقَّ عَرَجَا وَتَرَكَاهُ
1425 موطأ مالك كتاب الأقضية باب الترغيب في القضاء بالحق
المحدث الألباني خلاصة حكم المحدث صحيح موقوف
قال ابن عبد البر وَفِي هَذَا الْحَدِيثِ مِنَ الْفِقْهِ أَنَّ الْمُسْلِمَ وَالْكَافِرَ وَالذِّمِّيَّ فِي الْحُكْمِ بَيْنَهُمَا وَالْفَصْلِ بَيْنَ الْمُسْلِمِينَ سَوَاءٌ
31621 كتاب الاستذكار كتاب الأقضية
Source: Daily Hadith

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